The reauthorization required states to develop content and performance standards for K-12 schools.
Although the No Child Left Behind Act generally did seem to improve test scores of students, even those of minority students, it has been a topic of controversy.
Schools are required to use practices and methods that are "scientifically based.
For more information on ESSA,.
They claim that "This assertion of federal authority into an area historically reserved to the states has had the effect of curtailing additional state innovations and undermining many that had occurred during the past three decades.
Schools must report on the performance of different groups of students, such as racial minorities, as well as the student population as a whole.
It ignores the required time and effort to ensure ESL learners and mainstream students are can have excellent language skills, which overemphasizes the importance to achieve higher test scores.
Critics of Obama's reform efforts maintain that high-stakes testing is detrimental to school success across the country, because it encourages teachers to "teach to the test" and places undue pressure on teachers and schools if they fail to meet benchmarks.